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On This Day in History - 1st August


1815Richard Henry Dana, American novelist
1921Jack Kramer, American tennis player
1930Lionel Bart, Composer
1933Dom Deluise, American film actor
1936Yves Saint-Laurent, Designer
1943Andy Roxburgh, Football coach


1498Christopher Columbus reached the mainland of North America
1774Joseph Priestley isolated the gas 'oxygen' for the first time
1793The metric unit of mass, the kilogram, was introduced in France
1798The English navy, under Nelson, defeated the French at the Battle of the Nile
1834The British Empire abolished slavery
1912An airmail service between London and Paris began
1914Germany declared war on the Soviet Union; Italy declared itself neutral
1965Cigarette advertising on British television was banned
1975The Helsinki Agreement, on human rights, was signed by over 35 nations
1976Trinidad and Tobago became an independent country from Britain